Which Are Considered Secondary Causes Of Adrenal Insufficiency Quizlet?

Which are considered secondary causes of adrenal insufficiency?

Secondary Adrenocortical InsufficiencyA tumor of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus.Past radiation of the hypothalamus or pituitary gland.Past surgery to the pituitary gland.Rare conditions such as hemochromatosis, sarcoidosis, or Sheehan’s syndrome (hypopituitarism).

Sheehan’s syndrome is sometimes caused by severe blood loss after giving birth..

Which are considered secondary causes of adrenal insufficiency select all that apply quizlet?

Secondary causes of adrenal insufficiency include pituitary tumors, hypophysectomy, and abruptly discontinuing corticosteroid therapy. Primary causes include tuberculosis and autoimmune diseases. Which should the nurse monitor when caring for the patient receiving fludrocortisone (Florinef)?

How do primary and secondary adrenal insufficiency differ?

The primary kind is known as Addison’s disease. It is rare. It is when the adrenal glands don’t make enough of the hormones cortisol and aldosterone. Secondary adrenal insufficiency occurs when the pituitary gland doesn’t make enough of the hormone ACTH.

What is secondary adrenal insufficiency called?

This condition is often called Addison’s disease. Secondary adrenal insufficiency is more common than Addison’s disease. The condition happens because of a problem with your pituitary gland, a pea-sized bulge at the base of your brain. It makes a hormone called adrenocorticotropin (ACTH).

Is secondary adrenal insufficiency a disability?

Adrenal Gland Disorders are listed in the Social Security Administration’s impairment listing manual (commonly called the “Blue Book”) as conditions that may qualify a person to receive Social Security Disability Insurance or Supplemental Security Income.

What can bring on an Addisonian crisis quizlet?

◯ Acute adrenal insufficiency (Addisonian crisis) occurs when there is an acute drop in adrenocorticoids due to sudden discontinuation of glucocorticoid medications or when induced by severe trauma, infection, or stress. Administer insulin to move potassium into cell. Glucose often is given with insulin.

Which hormones does the nurse state are released by the hypothalamus?

The hormones produced in the hypothalamus are corticotrophin-releasing hormone, dopamine, growth hormone-releasing hormone, somatostatin, gonadotrophin-releasing hormone and thyrotrophin-releasing hormone.

What are the primary causes of adrenal insufficiency select all that apply quizlet?

Select all that apply. The primary causes of adrenal insufficiency are hemorrhage, tuberculosis, and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Pituitary tumors and postpartum pituitary necrosis are the secondary cases of adrenal insufficiency. The laboratory report of a client reveals increased serum cholesterol levels.

What are the symptoms of secondary adrenal insufficiency?

Secondary adrenal insufficiency is adrenal hypofunction due to a lack of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). Symptoms are the same as for Addison disease and include fatigue, weakness, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, but there is usually less hypovolemia.

Is secondary adrenal insufficiency and autoimmune disease?

Similarly as in autoimmune Addison’s disease (AAD), diagnosed in about 80% of primary adrenal insufficiency, idiopathic isolated secondary adrenal insufficiency (ISAI) seems to have an autoimmune origin.

What does low cortisol feel like?

Too little cortisol may be due to a problem in the pituitary gland or the adrenal gland (Addison’s disease). The onset of symptoms is often very gradual. Symptoms may include fatigue, dizziness (especially upon standing), weight loss, muscle weakness, mood changes and the darkening of regions of the skin.

What gland regulates growth hormones?

Hormones and the Endocrine SystemWhere the hormone is producedHormone(s) secretedPituitary glandGrowth hormone (GH)Pituitary glandLuteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)Pituitary glandOxytocinPituitary glandProlactin22 more rows

What complications may arise if pheochromocytoma is left untreated?

If left untreated, pheochromocytomas may progress to cause serious, life-threatening complications including heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy), inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis), cerebral hemorrhaging, or the accumulation of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema).

Which gland does the nurse State is an exocrine gland quizlet?

Which gland does the nurse state is an exocrine gland? Exocrine glands are glands with ducts that produce enzymes but not hormones. These glands secrete enzymes into ducts. The salivary gland secreting saliva is an example of an exocrine gland.

What are the common signs and symptoms of an adrenal crisis quizlet?

Symptoms: weakness, wieight loss, anorexia, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, orthostatic hypotension, and abdominal pain. These will become more acute when this is severe.

Can you recover from secondary adrenal insufficiency?

Secondary adrenal insufficiency may be noted with oral and inhaled glucocorticoid administration. Typically, the HPA axis recovers fairly quickly if glucocorticoids have been used for less than 10–14 days.

Which action by the patient with Hypercortisolism can prevent gastrointestinal GI bleeding quizlet?

Which precaution by the patient with hypercortisolism can prevent gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding? 2. The patient with hypercortisolism should avoid caffeine and alcohol, which increase the risk for GI ulcers and promote bone density loss.

Which physical symptoms would a client diagnosed with Cushing syndrome exhibit?

Signs and Symptoms Associated with Cushing’s Syndrome/Disease: Weight gain in face (moon face) Weight gain above the collar bone (supraclavicular fat pad) Weight gain on the back of neck (buffalo hump)

What is disease crisis?

2] Addisonian crisis refers to an episode of acute adrenal insufficiency (which may be primary, secondary, or tertiary), which is a medical emergency. Chronic, stable primary adrenal insufficiency is called Addison’s disease, which is a chronic condition controlled with long-term glucocorticoid therapy. [ 3]

How long does secondary adrenal insufficiency last?

This may lead to secondary adrenal insufficiency. Typically, the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis recovers after cessation of glucocorticoids, but the timing of recovery can be variable and can take anywhere from 6–12 months.

What are the common signs and symptoms of an adrenal crisis?

Symptoms:Headache.Profound weakness.Fatigue.Slow, sluggish movement.Nausea.Vomiting.Low blood pressure.Dehydration.More items…